ラマポーザ新大統領の就任演説。(2)

(動画はこちら

品川です。現地時間2018年2月16日、ラマポーザ新大統領による就任演説、いわゆるSONA(State Of the Nation Address、一般教書演説)が行われました。前回からのつづきです。


3.黒人中心の国家をつくること。


マンデラ氏以降の黒人中心社会を南アフリカに実現することを引き続き公約しています。

黒人の能力開発、会社の要人ポスト就任を進める。

We will improve our capacity to support black professionals, deal decisively with companies that resist transformation, use competition policy to open markets up to new black entrants, and invest in the development of businesses in townships and rural areas.

Radical economic transformation requires that we fundamentally improve the position of black women and communities in the economy, ensuring that they are owners, managers, producers and financiers.


4.労働組合との連携、鉱山資源の活用。


ラマポーザ氏の汚点として、2012年、イギリスの鉱物資源会社ロンミンの運営するマリカナ地区のプラチナ鉱山で賃上げストライキが発生し、衝突した警官の発砲により34人もの黒人労働者が死亡したという事件への関連がありました。

その文脈で読むと興味深いです。

我々は若年失業率低下に尽力する。

そのために企業、労働組合(organised labour and community representatives)とも連携するつもりだ。

Our most grave and most pressing challenge is youth unemployment.

It is therefore a matter of great urgency that we draw young people in far greater numbers into productive economic activity.

Young South Africans will be moved to the centre of our economic agenda.

They are already forming a greater proportion of the labour force on our infrastructure projects and are the primary beneficiaries of programmes such as the installation of solar water heaters and the war on leaks.

We continue to draw young people in far greater numbers into productive economic activity through programmes such as the Employment Tax Incentive.

Working in partnership with business, organised labour and community representatives, we are creating opportunities for young people to be exposed to the world of work through internships, apprenticeships, mentorship and entrepreneurship.

(・いろいろなイベントを計画している。)

鉱山資源の開発は南アフリカ経済の中枢である。その改善に努力を惜しまない。

Mining is another area that has massive unrealised potential for growth and job creation is mining.

We need to see mining as a sunrise industry.

With the revival in commodity prices, we are determined to work with mining companies, unions and communities to grow the sector, attract new investment, create jobs and set the industry on a new path of transformation and sustainability.


5.スモールビジネス、農業、観光業、技術開発の推奨。


ここは簡単に見ます。

スモールビジネスの重要性を認識している。

Fellow South Africans,

Ultimately, the growth of our economy will be sustained by small businesses, as is the case in many countries.

農業も重要だ。

Agriculture presents one of the greatest opportunities to significantly grow our economy and create jobs.

観光業も大切。

Tourism is another area which provides our country with incredible opportunities to, quite literally, shine.

技術開発も大切。

Our prosperity as a nation depends on our ability to take full advantage rapid technological change.

This means that we urgently need to develop our capabilities in the areas of science, technology and innovation.

つづきます。